What Is Synthetic Yarn? Explained by Experienced Yarn Retailer

A synthetic yarn has fibers that are man-made. Petroleum is used to manufacture these fibers. They have their set of advantages and disadvantages.

In this article, we are going to share some vital information on yarns with synthetic fiber in them. Do you want to know more? Here have a read and educate yourself.

How is Synthetic Yarn Made?

These yarns are manufactured using synthesized polymers made of tiny molecules. These yarns are manufactured using synthesized polymers made of tiny molecules. Petrochemicals are the most important tools used to manufacture these kinds of fibers.

The materials are then converted into chemicals that create a bond between carbon atoms. There are various chemical compounds that are utilized to manufacture synthetic fibers. 

Synthetic fibers contribute to more than half of the fiber used in the textile industry. There are various classes of synthetic fibers used in the textile industry such as polyolefin, acrylic, polyester, and nylon.

Is Acrylic Yarn Natural or Synthetic?

Yes, acrylic yarn is synthetic as it consists of fibers that are manufactured from polymers. Fiber to be classified as acrylic has to contain close to 85% acrylonitrilie.

These were first created in the year 194. Acrylic yarns are mostly utilized for gloves, lining inside boots, tracksuits, and sweaters. These are also used in carpets and furnishing fabrics.

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Modified acrylic yarn is known as Modacrylic that contains 85% acrylonitrile. These are mostly used for making protective clothing, hair extensions, wigs, and faux fur.

Why Do People Prefer Synthetic Yarn?

Synthetic yarn consists of fibers that have more durability than natural fibers and they retain dyes very easily. Synthetic fibers are stain-resistant, waterproof, and stretch well.

These fibers hold up well over the years. Unlike natural fibers that are very sensitive as compared to synthetic blends, Synthetic fibers tend to be more resistant to water and they do not retain stains

Different kinds of Synthetic fibers

Here is a list of the different types of Synthetic fibers.


This was the first synthetic fiber to be invented in the 19th century. Wood pulp was given a special treatment to invent this synthetic fiber. This fiber is very similar to silk, but it costs a lot less. Clothing materials and bedsheets are manufactured by combining cotton and rayon. These fibers are comfortable and absorbent.


This synthetic fiber is made using air, water, and coal. The fiber is very elastic, easy to clean, and lustrous. Nylon can dry very fast and it never loses its shape, which is a huge plus point. These fibers are made from ropes, socks, sleeping bags, and seat belts.


This synthetic fiber is derived from petroleum, air, water, and coal. This is very simple to clean and it does not retain wrinkles. Terylene is a variant of polyester used to manufacture materials for dresses. This fiber stays crisp and retains its shape.

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The Benefits Associated with Synthetic Fibers

  • In this section we are going to take a look at some of the advantages that come along with synthetic fibers.
  • The good thing about these fibers is that they can absorb water or other fluids well
  • These can blend any other type of fiber very well
  • They do not have any tendency to shrink
  • They are very durable
  • These are not expensive at all
  • They don’t wrinkle easily
  • They have very good elasticity

The Disadvantages Associated with Synthetic Fibers

  • These fibers are not biodegradable
  • They can catch on fire very easily
  • They are not suitable to wear during the extreme summer months
  • They need to be ironed very carefully as excess heat tends to melt the fibers

Is Yarn a Synthetic Material?

All yarns are not synthetic and they are divided into different categories as discussed below.

Organic yarn is made from wool that is not given any chemical treatment. This is extracted from sheep and has no synthetic components. These yarns are cleaned using detergents and hot water.

Yarns That Are Self-Striping have more than one color that is spun to create vibrant effects. This yarn incorporates modern dyeing patterns. The colors tend to change or overlap as you knit. They are quite popular.

Wool Blend Yarns are a combination of other yarns and woolen yarns. The blend may include synthetic or silk. Manufacturers like to blend because they like to utilize the unique properties of each different yarn.

Specialty Yarns

These yarns are available in different textures and colors and they make any knitted garment look interesting. They are typically made from synthetic and they can make clothes look very glamorous and interesting.

  • Acrylic Yarns – This is artificially created and it contains no plant or wool fiber. This dries really fast and is a lot affordable than most other yarns. This can be used for making a variety of items
  • Corn Yarns – This is derived by extracting lactic acid from with starch. This is biodegradable and it is environmentally friendly.
  • Lycra Yarn – This is also created artificially. This is usually combined with other types of fibers and it has very unique recovery and stretch properties. These are often used to create trendy sweaters. Products made from this are very easy to clean and maintain.
  • Olefin Yarn – This is manufactured using Alkenes. This is used to make vehicle interiors, ropes, wallpapers, upholstery, and clothing.
  • Microfiber Yarn – This consists of the smallest artificial fiber. This is a variant of polyester yarns and it replicates the feel and appearance of fibers that are natural. The yarns made from microfiber do not sustain wrinkles.
  • Llama Fiber yarn – This is extracted from the animal itself. This provides adequate protection from heat and cold. This does undergo a bit of shrinking, but otherwise it is quite durable.
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So, this was all the information you really need for synthetic yarns. These are used all over the world and various textile and garment manufacturers use them to make stylish products. They are quite affordable and they last very long so you would be getting a lot for your money.